In light of recent incidents where outgoing passengers at the Cheddi Jagan International Airport (CJIA) were strip-searched and had to endure embarrassing situations at the hands of Customs Anti-Narcotics Unit (CANU) ranks, there is much controversy as to the boundaries of the rights that agency has as well as members of the Guyana Police Force (GPF) to conduct such exercises.Attorney-at-Law Sanjeev Datadin in an exclusive interview with Guyana Times stated that CANU and the GPF have the right to search someone if they had, what the laws of Guyana recognises as “reasonable suspicion” that the person was committing, about to commit or had just committed an offence.He, however, explained that these rules are intended to rely on the integrity of law enforcement officials which means that they must exercise proper judgement as to what is reasonable suspicion.Attorney-at-Law Sanjeev Datadin“So, reasonable suspicion can’t be that you’re acting on you know, very nebulous facts, it has to be that you are acting on specific facts. Now as it relates to the search, as it relates to the very intrusive cavity search that was apparently required [recently], that is in itself an area of law for which there is much controversy because the suspicion would then have to relate that the person is concealing the narcotics in their body…Could she have refused the search? Not really, in most cases that arise, if the police have reasonable suspicion and they ask you to search you could say no but you really don’t have a right to stop it.”Invasion of personal spaceAccording to Datadin, the system that governs Guyana is based on the “English” system where rules are a little more liberal than those in the American system.“She was entitled to say no and if they said well then you have to [do] an x-ray so that we could be satisfied then she would have to. She could choose to undergo the x-ray or if that is refused as well, then they can go get a judge and get the order now that would be what would happen in a perfect world. The actual situation of what happens in Guyana is…they go ahead and, the Police Force and CANU seem to take it upon themselves that they have the right to do this, it is an invasion of your personal space and your person for them to do these sorts of things,” the attorney elaborated.He reiterated that if ranks have information and enough suspicion then they are entitled to search a person but that the integrity of the law enforcement officials should not have to be questioned in such cases.Violation of constitutional rightsThe attorney further stated that it is a clear threat to someone’s constitutional right if CANU and police ranks want to exercise their powers to arbitrarily stop and search individuals who are travelling.“But is that going to stop them? I am not so sure because we have a very lax approach as to what rights are and it is time that some of the people that suffer these things, it is time for them to go to court and enforce their rights. Maybe the law enforcement officials need to engender better confidence, maybe they need to act more responsibly, maybe they need to conduct themselves in a more professional manner and then citizens would believe them when they say well they had a reasonable suspicion. As it stands right now, no one believes the Police Force or law enforcement in this country,” Datadin posited.He added that due to the lack of confidence that society has in the local law enforcement agencies, it is hard to believe some explanations as to why someone’s constitutional right may have been violated and this means that the local authorities need to change such viewpoints.“They do what they want, they feel that they would get away with it because most people wouldn’t bother to go to the courts because they are met with a system that is slow. And so it is a waste of time for them so most people let it go. That shouldn’t keep happening though and that shouldn’t be allowed to happen,” the lawyer added.The issue of cavity searches at CJIA came to the fore last week when two women in separate instances said that they had been subjected to searches by CANU ranks that entailed the two women having to “strip and squat”.On Sunday last, a United States-based woman, Ayana Adams, who is a Guyanese by birth was in the process of returning to New York on a Caribbean Airlines flight after vacationing in her homeland when she was taken into a room by two female ranks of CANU to be searched.According to the young lady’s lawyer, Siand Dhurjon, she was told that she needed to remove her clothing for a thorough scan to be conducted.According to the lawyer, his client reluctantly took off her jumpsuit, leaving just her bra and underwear but the agents were not satisfied, demanding that she take off all her clothes, squat and cough as they needed to check “her abdomen and her guts”.Dhurjon explained that his client’s reason for not wanting to squat was because she was experiencing her menstrual cycle, a fact that was explained to the CANU officers to no avail.The second female to come forward shortly after this incident was 40-year-old Malika Cole. She told the media that she is a Guyanese, who currently resides in Trinidad and Tobago.According to Cole, on April 2, she was subjected to an intrusive search by a female rank of CANU at the CJIA.“She told me I have to strip and squat and do everything that she told me to do and that was it…”Cole said she was then told to cough multiple times and the officer also ordered her to open her mouth for her to examine it. The search by the ranks revealed nothing, she noted.Both women have signalled their intent to sue CANU for the intrusion and embarrassment they were forced to endure.CANU later contended that it will continue to conduct searches of passengers, luggage, vehicles etc, at all ports of entry and exits in Guyana. It said that those searches will be done in accordance with local and international standards with due cordiality and professionalism.
“It is a surprising award because as much as we had worked hard, I didn’t expect this to come here today. But this is not my own work, it is the effort put in by the players and the other technical bench members and the management as well,” Kimanzi said as he received his award at the club’s training ground on Wednesday.This is Kimanzi’s second coach of the month award having also claimed the same prize in the opening month of last season.In the month of February, Mathare swatted aside sugar-milling clubs Nzoia and Sony then dropped two points against Ulinzi Stars picking a barren draw. They wound up the month with a 3-1 thrashing of Sofapaka to finish off with 10 points out of a possible 12.Mathare United head coach Francis Kimanzi poses with his players after receiving his February Coach of the Month award at the club’s training ground on April 11, 2018. PHOTO/Timothy OlobuluKerr on the other hand led Gor Mahia to three consecutive victories over struggling Nakumatt, Zoo FC and Kariobangi Sharks then drew their last league match of the month against Tusker.The ensuing vote carried out by SJAK Football Commission went Kiamnzi’s way as he scooped ten votes to Kerr’s six.The highly rated coach intends to keep the team competitive and winning this year in a bid to play bag silverware at the end of season and play continental football next year.The Slum Boys are currently sitting pretty on top of the Kenyan Premier League after accumulating 23 points off a possible 30 in the opening 10 games of the season. They have only lost one tie against AFC Leopards.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Mathare United head coach Francis Kimanzi receives his February Coach of the Month award from Fidelity Insurance Marketing and Business Development Manager Nicholas Malesi. PHOTO/Timothy OlobuluNAIROBI, Kenya, Apr 11- Mathare United head coach Francis Kimanzi his beaten his Gor Mahia counterpart Dylan Kerr to the Fidelity Insurance/Sports Journalists Association of Kenya (SJAK) Coach of the Month for February. Both Kimanzi and Kerr enjoyed similar form in the first month of the new season, each picking three wins and a draw, but the Dutch-trained Kimanzi found favor with the SJAK football committee which handed him the diadem after a final round of voting.
Over the next few days, as troublemakers are moved out and the jails re-integrated, inmates from other county jails will be transferred to Pitchess to help dilute the tension, Jones said. The 7,500 or so inmates at Pitchess don’t live behind bars but in large dormitories designed for human comfort and better surveillance by guards. Up to 96 men live in the 16 open dorms that make up the North Facility, the scene of two battles Monday night. They sleep and eat there, shower, watch TV and use open restrooms. They can interact or find some personal space. And the sheriff’s deputies serving as guards watch from a central, secured desk. The open space is designed to provide a more humane atmosphere, but when tempers flare, the architecture allows for some large-scale free-for-alls. “It can be good and bad. Lately, it’s been bad,” said sheriff’s Deputy Luis Castro, a department spokesman. Monday night, after a weekend of deadly violence, two more battles broke out that involved scores of men and left seven inmates injured, Deputy Ban Nguyen said. Like the rioting on Saturday and Sunday that sent 33 inmates to 15 hospitals from Lancaster to Santa Monica, the fighting pitted Latinos against blacks. Six remain hospitalized, officials said. Sheriff Lee Baca said the reasons behind the violence are twofold – racial tensions on the streets are augmented behind bars and his department hasn’t been able to recruit deputies quickly enough to fill a manpower void. The department has some 1,100 openings for deputies. “We’re running really low on deputies,” Nguyen said. Six guards watch each dorm – about one per 16 inmates. Though armed with nonlethal weapons to quell violence, the odds are against them when such mass fighting breaks out. And despite a state Corrections Department study in the early 1990s that showed dormitory-style accommodations were a factor in inmate brawls at Pitchess years ago, the county’s Twin Towers Jail, which opened in 1997, has the same configuration, Castro said. “It’s an easier setting, more comfortable,” Castro said. “You have windows versus bars.” The county’s oldest lockup, Men’s Central Jail, has old-style cells that house two to four inmates each. It’s a costly system to guard, and tough on inmates, whose actions are extremely limited, Castro said. “What happens when you lock a pet in the bathroom? That would be the equivalent,” he said. “An animal would become restless and look for ways to do something. Human nature is the same way. If you’re locked down, you don’t have a chance to interact much. Patricia Farrell Aidem, (661) 257-5251 email@example.com 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MORESanta Anita opens winter meet Saturday with loaded card “We had information that something may happen. We didn’t know when, where, what time, what facility,” Jones said. Once order was restored, the inmates were segregated. Latinos are on the first floor of one facility and blacks and other are on the second floor. Because Latinos are the majority, the first floor has several empty beds, a problem in an overcrowded system, Yaroslavsky said. For the most part, inmates themselves want peace, Jones said. “The majority don’t have fight in them,” he said. “But if you don’t fight, you become a victim. You have inmates who are nervous, scared, concerned for their safety.” CASTAIC – Sheriff’s officials have set Thursday as a target date to re-integrate the Pitchess jails in Castaic where three days of racial brawls have left one inmate dead, scores injured and thousands on the periphery living in fear. “Shot callers” – the inmates who instigated the fighting that started Saturday and spread between two of the jails – are being identified and they and other troublemakers will be transferred to other facilities, county Supervisor Zev Yaroslavsky and sheriff’s Chief Sam L. Jones said in a brief news conference Tuesday afternoon outside the sprawling Pitchess Detention Center complex. “It’s a mess, but it’s being slowly brought under control,” said Yaroslavsky, who visited the center after the jail violence dominated discussion at a morning Board of Supervisors meeting. Jones said a captain within the jails got word in the days before rioting broke out Saturday that there would be trouble. Eleven additional deputies were assigned to help monitor the jails but had little information about what was coming.
German violist Nils MönkemeyerNational Youth Orchestra of Ireland Summer Proms 2014Young Falcarragh musician Conor Murray will take centre stage with the National Youth Orchestra of Ireland at An Grianan Theatre, Letterkenny on Friday evening.Conducted by internationally renowned Chinese conductor En Shao, the orchestra presents an ambitious programme as part of its Summer Proms tour including Rachmaninov’s second symphony and Rimsky-Korsakov’s overture to The Tsar’s Bride. Conor, pictured here on the left, will be on stage with the National Youth Orchestra of IrelandMultiple prizewinning German violist Nils Mönkemeyer joins the orchestra as soloist for Walton’s viola concerto.This is an opportunity to see Ireland’s finest talent come together in an all-island ensemble.Tickets: Friday, July 4th, An Grianan Theatre, Letterkenny.7.30pm NATIONAL YOUTH ORCHESTRA SUMMER PROMS COME TO AN GRIANAN was last modified: July 3rd, 2014 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:2014An Grianan TheatreletterkennyNational Youth Orchestra of IrelandSummer Proms
Some of the cranes players in a training session. Photo by Shaban Lubega.FOOTBALL–Uganda Cranes officially had their last training on Thursday morning before they fly to Congo Brazzaville for the last game of the FIFA World Cup qualifier 2018.Although it is seen as a game where both teams will play for formality as they are required to complete their games, Cranes interim head coach Moses Basena dismissed such claims.“Yes we can’t finish as number one but the game is equally important,” Basena said.“We can still finish second ahead of Ghana if we win and i guess that is enough motivation going into the game.Cranes are currently second in the group with eight points, two ahead of Ghana, both teams having played five games.With Egypt seating comfortably at the top holding a four-point healthy lead, only second place is up for grabs in group E.“We need to win because I require to gather points to help in the seedings for the next tournaments,” Basena continued.“It I also significant to individuals because for I personally, it improves my CV,” he added.This World Cup qualificaion is seen by some as another failure but looking at the teams in the group, one would wounder whether Uganda has performed beyond expectation.Cranes depart for Congo tomorrow morning where they will stay until Sunday.Cranes team currently in camp.GoalkeepersDenis Onyango(Mamelodi Sundowns, S.Africa), Isma Watenga(Vipers SC), Ochan Benjamin(KCCA FC), Ikara Thomas(Kirinya JSS).Defenders:Wadada Nicholas(Vipers SC), Nsubuga Joseph(SC Villa), Muleme Isaac(KCCA FC), Walusimbi Godfrey(Gor Mahia, Kenya), Iguma Denis(URA FC), Isaac Isinde(Lusaka Dynamos, Zambia), Jjuko Murushid(Simba SC, Tanzania), Kabugo Savio(Proline FC), Kiyemba Ibrahim(SC Villa), Awanyi Timothy(KCCA FC), Muwanga Bernard(SC Villa).Midfielders:Hassan Wasswa(not attached), Masiko Tom(Vipers SC), Shafiq Kagimu(URA FC), Gardinho Ghadafi(Onduparaka FC), Mutyaba Muzamiru(KCCA FC), Mucuurezi Paul(KCCA FC), Waisswa Moses(Vipers SC), Owori David(Proline FC), Kyambadde Allan(Kirinya JSS), Mugisa Albert(Police FC).Attackers:Kaweesa Hood(Police FC), Ddumba Sadala(Masavu FC), Okwi Emmanuel(Simba SC, Tanzania), Serunkuma Geofrey(Lusaka Dynamos, Zambia), Senkatuka Nelson(Bright Stars), Karisa Milton(Vipers SC) & Nsibambi Derrick(KCCA FC).Comments
James DeGale will be aiming to make history when he faces American Andre Dirrell for the vacant IBF super-middleweight title in the United States tonight.The Harlesden man, 29, will become the first British boxer to win Olympic and world titles if he prevails at the Agganis Arena in Boston.He faces a talented opponent in the highly rated Dirrell, whose only defeat was a split points decision against Carl Froch in 2009 – a fight many observers believed the American had won.But DeGale, who won gold in Beijing in 2008 and as a professional has been British and European champion, is confident he will win the title Froch opted to vacate.And a victory could set up a rematch with DeGale’s arch rival and fellow West Londoner George Groves, who won a close points decision when the pair met in May 2011 – DeGale’s only loss.“It’s a chance that I can’t let slip,” DeGale declared.“Dirrell is tricky, talented and confident, but I’m doing it for my country. I’m obsessed with making history.”Groves, twice beaten by Froch, having been knocked out in their rematch last year after being controversially stopped while ahead in their first encounter, is also in line for a world title shot.Hammersmith’s former British, European and Commonwealth champion is expected to challenge WBC champion Badou Jack later this year.Groves is the mandatory challenger for the belt Jack won by beating Anthony Dirrell – the brother of DeGale’s opponent – last month.DeGale weighed in a fraction under the 12-stone super-middleweight limit at 11st 13lbs 2oz, while Dirrell was six ounces heavier.“I’m here on a mission to become the first Olympic gold medallist from Great Britain to win a world title,” DeGale said.“I’m up against it in Andre Dirrell, who is a very talented fighter, has the pedigree and is quick and fast, but at the end of the day I’m better.“I’m going to win this world title for myself and for Great Britain.”Videos courtesy of IFL TVFollow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebook
An artist’s impression of the sun and the earth, showing how the magnetosphere deflects the solar wind, thus protecting the earth’s atmosphere from excessive radiation. (Image: Nasa) The new Digisonde DPS-4D with the installation team of Lee-Anne McKinnell of the Hermanus Magnetic Observatory (seated), and, from left, Grigori Khmyrov and Ryan Hamel of the Digisonde development team at the University of Massachusetts Lowell Centre for Atmospheric Research. (Image: Jennifer Stern) The Hermanus Digisonde DPS-4D is the latest, state-of-the-art ionosonde and the first of this model operational in the field anywhere in the world. (Image: Jennifer Stern) Ben Opperman points out the heart of the GPS ground station. It may be small, but it packs a lot of power. (Image: Jennifer Stern) A map of ionosonde sites across South Africa. (Image: Lee-Anne McKinnell, Hermanus Magnetic Observatory)Jennifer SternSouth Africa’s Hermanus Magnetic Observatory (HMO) has recently installed a new ionosonde, an instrument which analyses the space weather patterns that may damage and disrupt electronic and communication systems on earth.The instrument is a Digisonde DPS-4D, the latest, state-of-the-art ionosonde and the first of this model operational in the field anywhere in the world. Developed by the University of Massachusetts Lowell Centre for Atmospheric Research, it was bought with funding from South Africa’s Department of Communications.Lying outside the whale-watching coastal town of Hermanus in the Western Cape, HMO is nothing like an astronomical observatory. There are no big telescopes and no huge domes and things, just a few single-story white buildings and a couple of antennas scattered around 16 hectares of low-lying shrubs. In spring it is a riot of colour, with pretty fynbos plants in full bloom.The first magnetic observatory in South Africa was set up on the campus of the University of Cape Town in 1932, but it wasn’t long before the new suburban railway line and other developments made accurate measurements impossible. So a new observatory was established near Hermanus in a magnetically clean site. It started operating in January 1941, and is still going strong.A space weather stationFew people have the faintest idea of what magnetic observatories do, and why. Well, they measure the earth’s magnetic field. They do this to analyse, understand and ultimately predict space weather. In fact, it is more accurate to say that the HMO measures space weather, because there is more to it than magnetism.In space, weather refers mainly to the intensity of solar wind, and the composition and nature of the various layers around the earth. And in order to have the vaguest understanding of solar wind, we need to take a long hard look at the sun – figuratively of course, or we’ll blind ourselves.The sun is a huge mass of burning hydrogen that creates an enormous amount of energy by nuclear fusion, energy it constantly emits into space. The earth intercepts a small percentage of this energy, which helps create and sustain life.This solar wind, as it is called, consists of energetic particles such as electrons and ions, which are collectively known as plasma. Plasma is the fourth state of matter after solids, liquids and gases. It is created when any substance is broken down to its constituent atomic particles. And the amount, nature and intensity of plasma and solar wind make up space weather.The magnetic fieldThe core of the earth is made up of magnetic iron and nickel that, together with the planet’s rotation, creates a strong magnetic field. Without the field, the background solar wind would blast the surface of the earth into a dead and barren rock.Space physicists call this field the magnetosphere, one of the most important layers surrounding the atmosphere. The magnetosphere extends from about 1 000 kilometres above the earth’s surface to about 10 earth radii on the Sun-facing side of the planet.You may remember those neat little diagrams from high school geography that showed the earth with concentric circles representing the different layers of the atmosphere and those above it. Well, it’s not quite as tidy as that. First, there is quite a bit of overlap and, second, the layers are constantly changing – just like the weather. In fact, those changes are space weather.The important layer in the study of space weather is the ionosphere, which usually extends from about 50 kilometres to 1 000 kilometres above the earth’s surface, with the section from about 90 kilometres to 350 kilometres referred to as the bottomside ionosphere.And that’s what the new ionosonde is designed to study.So how does it work?An ionosonde sends a radio signal from a transmit antenna and receives it with one or more receive antennas and then, by measuring the time taken, calculates the height of the ionosphere.“The Digisonde generates and amplifies a signal on a range of frequencies,” explains Lee-Anne McKinnell, a research physicist and space physics group manager at HMO. “These are transmitted through the atmosphere into the ionosphere. As they enter the ionosphere they start slowing down because the ionosphere is a plasma, which is a diffuse medium that becomes more diffuse as it gets higher.”Think of it as refracting when it enters a new medium, in the same way that light is refracted through a prism.Anyhow, the wave slows down until it is in resonance with the plasma frequency. Then it bounces back to the four receive antennas. One antenna would be sufficient to work out the height of the ionosphere but, with four, it is possible to measure the angle of arrival and to obtain more data about the nature of the plasma.There are three other ionosondes in South Africa, all of which are basically the same, just one generation older. These are at Grahamstown in the Eastern Cape, Louisvale near Upington in the Northern Cape, and Madimbo in the far north of Limpopo.The Digisonde is currently programmed to record four measurements an hour, as are the other three observatories. The results are collated and sent to a central database where they are further collated and made available to participating stations. The HMO is part of a global network, and has access to readings from about 200 ionosondes all around the world.Global communicationThis may all seem obscure and esoteric science, useful only for earning PhDs to decorate the walls of the ivory tower, but studying space weather has real-world, life-or-death benefits.The first and probably most important reason for the research is that the magnetosphere protects us from excessive radiation. The earth sits squarely in the path of the solar wind but, as the energetic particles that make up this wind are also magnetic, they are deflected around the earth by the magnetosphere. So the atmosphere is left intact.Space weather also affects our daily lives in ways that we can, to a certain extent, control. But only if we know what’s going on up there.The ionosphere is virtually defined by its ability to transmit radio waves. So anything that depends on efficient long-range radio transmission will be affected by adverse space weather. This includes long-distance phone calls, satellite television, global positioning systems (GPS) and, most importantly, the high-frequency radios used by ships and aeroplanes.While it’s no sweat to go without satellite television (although that depends on whether the World Cup final is on), and you can cope without those phone calls from your aunt in New York, GPS and long-distance radios are essential to safe travel, as well as rescue and disaster management.Like our weather on earth, space weather is changeable and, unsurprisingly, more difficult to predict. While the background solar wind remains relatively constant, events such as solar flares occur from time to time.A solar flare is a huge explosion on the surface of the sun, ejecting energetic and magnetic particles in what is known as a coronal mass ejection. The resulting cloud of charged particles that hurtles towards the earth is called a geomagnetic storm. Solar flares and geomagnetic storms are pretty rare events but, when they do occur, they can cause havoc.On 13 March 1989 a huge solar flare provoked geomagnetic storms that disrupted electric power transmission in Québec in Canada, blacking out most of the province, and leaving 6-million people without light and power for nine hours.More recently, on 29 October 2003, a geomagnetic storm disrupted satellite and high-frequency radio transmission in many parts of the world and, in South Africa, may have damaged a number of Eskom transformers.Another geomagnetic storm in December 2005 knocked out satellite-to-ground communications and GPS signals for about 10 minutes, which doesn’t sound like that much of a big deal unless, of course, you happened to be in a plane approaching a foggy airport at the time. There were no resulting airline accidents, but it’s not a nice thought.Keeping GPS on trackThe ionosonde is only one of HMO’s many projects. Another, run by research physicist Ben Opperman, utilises the fact that the ionosphere is the source of the greatest error for global positioning systems.HMO has a permanent GPS ground station, owned by the Chief Directorate Surveys and Mapping, set up on a well-surveyed spot with its coordinates literally cast in cement. The ground station antenna receives two signals of different frequencies, as opposed to the single signal received by your hand-held hiking GPS.The ground station is fixed, so Opperman is not interested in establishing its location. What he is looking for is error. If the reading indicates that the ground station is five or 10 metres east or west of its real position, that tells him something about the nature of the ionosphere that very second.By collating his results with the other 45 GPS ground stations in South Africa, he gets 1 000 readings a second. This immense amount of data enables him to map the electron density of the ionosphere.Like the ionosonde programme, this is part of a global network that is collated in real time all over the world. This allows the GPS system that helps you get to your next meeting to be updated every four hours to correct for ionospheric weather conditions.The more we know about the ionosphere, the more prepared we’ll be for geomagnetic storms and the havoc they cause. Because the energised particles don’t move as fast as light, we may have a couple of days’ warning of new events.Of course, like earth weather, we won’t be able to stop it, but we can batten down the hatches by putting satellites into hibernation mode, protecting electrical transformers, and taking whatever action is necessary to ensure safe navigation and aviation. Knowledge is power.Do you have queries or comments about this article? Email Mary Alexander at firstname.lastname@example.org.Related articlesAfrican eyes on the universeSouth Africa takes to spaceSKA to reveal universe’s secretsUseful linksHermanus Magnetic ObservatoryISES Regional Warning Centre for AfricaSouth African Ionospheric Data CentreUniversity of Massachusetts Lowell Centre for Atmospheric ResearchSouth African Astronomical ObservatorySouthern African Large TelescopeHartebeesthoek Radio Astronomy ObservatorySquare Kilometre Array South AfricaKaroo Array Telescope
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest A three-hour fertilizer application certification program for any applicator that does not have a pesticide license will be offered on August 27, 2015 from 8:45 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. at Dulls Homestead, Inc. at 10404 National Rd, Brookville, Ohio 45309. The morning will include topics on phosphorus and nitrogen recommendations, soil sampling, assessing nitrogen usage of corn in the field and looking at timing and placement of manure applications for maximized economic return. Certified Crop Advisor (CCA) and Ohio Certified Livestock Manager (CLM) credits will be available. Pre-registration is preferred and you can register by calling the Miami County OSU Extension office at 937-440-3945 or the Montgomery County OSU Extension office at 937-224-9654 x109 or emailing email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org. Find full agenda here.Agricultural fertilizer applicator certification is required for farmers who apply fertilizer to more than 50 acres of agricultural production grown primarily for sale. Farmers who have their fertilizer applied by co-ops or custom applicators are not required to be certified. Those who have a pesticide applicator license need to attend a two-hour fertilizer certification. If an applicator does not have a pesticide license, they will be required to attend a three-hour fertilizer certification. The Ohio Department of Agriculture is the agency issuing the certification for agriculture fertilizer applications. Their website has information regarding the regulation at agri.ohio.gov. For more information about other training sessions or general materials for the agriculture fertilizer certification, visit nutrienteducation.osu.edu.
8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… guest author 1 Tags:#Analysis#web A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Related Posts The Web is becoming social, and companies are jumping to capture the investment dollars. With business models and advertising effectiveness in question, it’s hard to valuate such ventures. Social media economics does just that: it’s the social science that analyzes the production, distribution, and consumption of content amongst online social outlets.It means treating social networks as if they are countries in the world economy. Each post is equivalent to a good or service, sharing is equivalent to trade or distribution, and clicks/views are the equivalent of someone purchasing or consuming the post. Taking this logic, you can then apply the modern economic growth function: Y(f) = L, K, HC, T. Within that equation, Y is GDP or total economic output, L is labor, K is capital, HC is human capital, and T is technology. Together, these factors determine the worth of an economy.History of the Social Media EconomyGuest author Mike Vosters is the co-founder of droppn, a knowledge exchange currently in private beta. He is also a weekly contributor for Flyover Geeks, a blog dedicated to covering the startup tech scene outside of Silicon Valley.In his book “Cognitive Surplus”, Clay Shirky speaks of a spare-time revolution where people shifted their habits from watching mindless television to actively participating on the Web. When that happened, productivity skyrocketed. Instead of sitting back and consuming, people began to blog and create other content (the equivalent of goods and services) such as Wikipedia. In short, they joined the social Web, the labor force of the social media economy. As the labor force grew, investors started to invest in startups working to take advantage of the demand. With this capital, the development community was able to learn (increasing human capital) and create new technologies that made it faster and easier for people to share content. These pioneers failed to remain profitable, sparking the burst of the dot com bubble in 2000 – which ultimately triggered a recession throughout the social media economy. Although the companies didn’t survive, their innovations did, culminating in the creation of MySpace, Facebook, Twitter and all the other social media outlets. This brings us to current day.Supply vs. DemandWith ample amounts of all four components, L, K, HC and T, posting (economic output) is at an all-time high – 5 billion posts per week on Facebook alone. Here is where the problem lies. The social Web is focused on the production of content rather than the consumption of content. Look at any interface and you’ll notice that the status bar is the most prevalent, typically sitting in the top-middle of the page. In doing so, the outlets throw the market out of equilibrium with supply being greater than demand. For those unfamiliar with economics, when supply is greater than demand, the price of products plummet. This explains why 2/3 of all tweets are ignored, and why determining a profitable business model for social media companies has been so difficult.How Social Startups Can SucceedSocial startups need to focus on increasing the consumption (demand) of the content, rather than the production. To achieve this, they have two options.Find ways to lower the barriers to sharing in order to improve the distribution and reach of each piece of content. As reach increases, so will consumption, thus restoring the model to equilibrium. With this strategy, the business model will mirror that of print publications, who charge more based on the size of their circulation – CPM in Web terms.Find ways to lower the cost of discovery, allowing users to proactively search the content within the platform just as they would in a search engine. This strategy would also reset the equilibrium, and would allow the company to implement a paid search business model.Just because social media is social, doesn’t mean it breaks the laws of economics. All of the basic models still apply, and if companies don’t start paying attention, the revolution will end just as fast as it began.Photo by hellori
Argentina interim coach Lionel Scaloni confirmed Lionel Messi would miss his nation’s friendlies next month, casting further doubt over the star’s international future.Messi, 31, missed Argentina’s matches against Guatemala and Colombia earlier this month and has now been ruled out of their friendlies in October.Argentina are heading to Saudi Arabia to face Iraq on October 11 and Brazil five days later, but Messi will play no part. Article continues below Editors’ Picks Man Utd ready to spend big on Sancho and Haaland in January Who is Marcus Thuram? Lilian’s son who is top of the Bundesliga with Borussia Monchengladbach Brazil, beware! Messi and Argentina out for revenge after Copa controversy Best player in MLS? Zlatan wasn’t even the best player in LA! “I talked to him and we still think that the best thing is that he doesn’t come, that he’s not in,” Scaloni told Fox Sports on Monday.”We are in a different stage and these guys have to keep putting on the shirt of the national team and see what they show, which is the most important thing.”#SelecciónMayor En octubre, @Argentina se enfrentará a Irak y Brasil en Arabia Saudita. A continuación, toda la información de la gira https://t.co/yxJCUjBmTv pic.twitter.com/FCj3olChhx — Selección Argentina (@Argentina) September 24, 2018 Messi last played for Argentina at the World Cup in Russia, where they made a last-16 exit to eventual champions France.He has scored a record 65 goals in 128 matches for his nation, and briefly retired from Argentina duty in 2016.The Barcelona attacker recently came under fire for failing to attend the FIFA best player awards ceremony along with Cristiano Ronaldo.Men’s best player winner Luka Modric admitted he would have liked both Messi and Ronaldo to have been present.