Maintain grain quality with proper storage

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest As producers across the Eastern Corn Belt get into their fields this fall, care should be taken to ensure proper handling and storage of grain. Proper storage and grain handling is necessary in maintaining the quality of the harvested crop.It is critical to start with both a clean bin and handling equipment. Any moldy grain or grain infested by insects from the previous year can contaminate grain harvested this season. Storage facilities and aeration equipment should be clean and in proper working condition.Harvesting equipment that is adjusted and operated correctly will also preserve the condition of the crop. Combines should be set to clean grain thoroughly to eliminate foreign material/fines and handling equipment should be operated in order to minimize damage to grain. It is also important to use a spreader or distributor as grain enters the bin to evenly spread any fine materials remaining in the grain. Without a spreading device the fines will collect in the center of the bin and create aeration problems as well as a place for moisture to accumulate. Properly cleaned grain will minimize insect activity and allow for efficient air movement through the stored grain.Grain should be stored at proper moisture content in order to maintain quality. Corn should be stored at 15% for up to 6 months and 13% for storage longer than 6 months. Soybeans should be stored at 13% for up to 6 months and 11% for storage longer than 6 months. Grain should be cooled through aeration in the fall to provide the most favorable storage environment. The stored grain should be cooled gradually and evenly to 35 to 40 degrees F. This process will help maintain the condition of the grain and deter insect activity within the stored grain. Finally, it is important to monitor grain stored in bins at regular intervals to make sure that proper storage conditions are maintained, as well as grain quality.last_img read more

The top stories of 2016

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Our web site keeps track of the stories that generate the most interest and at the end of the year we like to review the top stories to gain insight into how to better serve readers of our web and print content and our radio listeners. Plus, it is always fun to see which story comes out on top. In addition to these top posts, other noteworthy drivers of web traffic in 2016 included the Ohio and Pro Farmer crop tours, the Ohio State Fair livestock show results, and Between the Rows. Weather challenges, the tough farm economy, all things draft horse, and farm technology also garnered major web traffic in the last 12 months.This week we will count down the 10 most popular stories of 2016, starting now with #10.10. The intrigue of a2 milkJoel Penhorwood cracked into the top 10 this year with his fascinating story on dairy farmer Ray Jackson in western Logan County who is looking to diversify his product with what may be a trend on the horizon for the industry — something called a2 milk.Regular cow’s milk is about 85% water. The rest consists of lactose, fat, proteins, and more. About 30% of the total protein in that assembly is made up of beta-casein. Two variants of this protein are found in cow’s milk, a1 and a2. Cows are genetically predisposed to produce milk with either a1 or a2 proteins, though a new trend has recently raised the eyebrows of dairy farmers looking to cows that can produce a2 without any a1 beta-casein for a potential new niche market.last_img read more

Rice bran in weanling pig diets does not reduce growth performance

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Research at the University of Illinois has demonstrated that adding rice bran to weanling pig diets does not have a detrimental effect on growth performance. Rice bran is a co-product of the rice milling process, which is often added to swine diets; it is relatively inexpensive, and it may improve gut health in weanling pigs.A team led by Hans Stein, professor of animal sciences at the U of I, fed diets containing 10, 20, or 30% of either full fat rice bran (FFRB) or defatted rice bran (DFRB) to weanling pigs. The growth performance of these pigs was compared to that of pigs fed a control diet based on corn, soybean meal, and whey powder. All diets were formulated to contain the same amount of digestible indispensable amino acids.“Full fat and defatted rice bran both contain more dietary fiber than corn,” Stein said. “Because high fiber concentrations can reduce digestibility of energy and nutrients, we wanted to investigate whether or not including rice bran in the diets would affect growth performance.”For both FFRB and DFRB, increasing inclusion rates decreased the average daily feed intake, probably due to the increased bulk of the diet. Metabolizable energy intake also decreased with increasing inclusion rate of FFRB or DFRB, but pigs fed diets containing DFRB had greater average daily feed intake than pigs fed diets with FFRB.“With the decreased feed and energy intake, pigs might be expected to gain less when fed diets containing FFRB or DFRB,” Stein said. “But that was not what we observed.”There was no difference in final body weight between pigs fed the control corn-soybean meal diet and pigs fed any of the diets containing FFRB or DFRB.Average daily gain (ADG) for pigs fed diets containing 10% FFRB or DFRB was greater than for pigs fed the control diet. Feeding diets containing 20% FFRB or DFRB had no effect on ADG compared with the control diet.The gain to feed ratio (G:F) was greatest in pigs fed diets containing 20% FFRB. Inclusion of up to 30% DFRB had no negative effect on G:F compared with pigs fed the control diet.“These results indicate that rice bran can be fed to weanling pigs at inclusion rates of up to 20 percent without compromising growth performance,” Stein said.Funding for this research was provided by AB Vista (Marlborough, UK). Full fat rice bran was donated by Rice Bran Technologies (Scottsdale, AZ).The paper, “Effects of full fat or defatted rice bran on growth performance and blood characteristics of weanling pigs,” was co-authored by Gloria Casas. It was published in a recent issue of the Journal of Animal Science, and can be found online at https://www.animalsciencepublications.org/publications/jas/articles/94/10/4179.last_img read more

President Trump to speak at the 91st National FFA Convention

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest President Donald Trump will be attending the National FFA Convention & Expo on Saturday, Oct. 27, 2018, during the ninth general session at Bankers Life Fieldhouse and will address the FFA members.Over time, it is has become a tradition of the National FFA Organization to invite the sitting president to make remarks during its annual national convention and expo.Former President Harry S. Truman spoke in 1957. Presidents Gerald Ford and Jimmy Carter spoke in 1974 and 1978, respectively. Then Vice President George H.W. Bush spoke in 1987 followed by a pre-recorded message from President Ronald Reagan in 1988. President George H.W. Bush spoke in 1991. First Lady Michelle Obama also brought pre-recorded greetings in 2015, and Vice President Mike Pence did the same at last year’s convention.Please note that the 91st National FFA Convention is a private event and is a closed convention; therefore, it is not open to the public. Those attending the ninth general session must be registered and will need to show all credentials before entering. Those without proper convention credentials will not be allowed entry into the general session.last_img read more

Ohio Crop Progress — Nov. 26, 2018

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Harvest Progress DampenedWet conditions kept combines out of the fields again last week, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. There were 2.1 days suitable for fieldwork in Ohio during the week ending November 25. Most operators were waiting for the ground to freeze in order to harvest remaining corn and soybeans. The average moisture content of corn harvested last week was 17 percent and the average for soybeans was 16 percent. The winter wheat crop was rated 62 percent good to excellent condition.Click here to read the full reportlast_img

DTN Field Roundup

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Emily UnglesbeeDTN Staff ReporterROCKVILLE, Md. (DTN) — With snow blanketing large swaths of the Midwest, and rains drenching parts of the South, it can be hard to imagine how the country’s frigid, soaked fields will ever be ready for spring planting.But don’t let the still, damp chill of winter fool you. A flurry of farmer activity is underway, as growers finalize seed selections, hash out fertilizer plans, ready sprayers for spring burndown applications and brace for the springtime chaos to come.This marks the season’s first DTN Field Roundup, wherein a trusted group of farmers and ranchers spanning 13 states and one Canadian province help us take the pulse of the countryside and weigh in on fieldwork, livestock care and agricultural issues of the day.WINTER DELUGEWith the exception of Mike Lass, a farmer and rancher from the dry panhandle of Texas, most producers reported far more moisture than they, or their crops, can possibly use.“We had an extremely wet fall and have an extremely wet, mild winter,” explained Charles Williams, a farmer in northeastern Arkansas. The wet fall delayed tillage, and the combination of wet soils and heavy equipment took its toll on some of his cotton, rice, corn and soybean fields.Farther north, many farmers are buried in snow, with little relief in sight. “We have somewhere between eight and 12 dairies that have lost the roofs” to heavy snow and wind, said Jeff Littrell, who farms with his son in southeastern Minnesota and western Wisconsin.The Littrells actually finished their 2018 harvest in January of 2019, due to record rainfalls in the upper Midwest last year. Their operation in Crawford County, Wisconsin, which saw 29 inches of rain in August and September, received 36 inches of snow in February alone.“General field conditions concern me tremendously,” said Jay Magnussen, a producer in northwest Iowa. “Our fields are rutted up to no end, wet spots are everywhere still, and tiles continue to run full stream through the winter.”The snow is particularly hard on livestock owners. In central Minnesota, Justin Honebrink is running out of places to put the white stuff in his cattle yards. “The snow is getting pretty deep, cow yards are filling up, and things are going to be a mess once it starts warming up,” he predicted. With his first calves expected in just two weeks, Honebrink will be busy excavating bales of bedding buried in snowdrifts this week.“We are going to have to buy hay for the first time I know of,” added Bob Birdsell, of northwest Missouri. “We’ve had to feed extra because of all the snow and cold. We’re going to have a minimum of $100 per bale in the hay we buy. No hay left around here with any quality, so have to have it trucked in.”FERTILIZER AND FIELDWORK CRUSH COMINGWhile John Werries of west-central Illinois was one of the lucky few who got most of his fall nutrient and fertilizer applications in, he is expecting a fertilizer traffic jam in his region. “It will be a NH3 mad house around here when it gets fit to go,” he predicted. “Farmers were hoping for a chance to do some work in February or March — that didn’t happen in February and doesn’t look too promising for March.”Magnussen can confirm that things will be hectic on the retailer side. In addition to farming and running cattle, he works as an agronomist for a local co-op in northwest Iowa. “The wet fall in 2018 with little opportunity to apply fertilizer will bleed over into spring 2019,” he said. “This could lead to a very tough spring in terms of having a large enough application window to get everything applied before farmers want to be planting.”Missed fall herbicide applications will also trouble many farmers. Scott Wallis is already watching weeds green up in his southwest Indiana fields. In central Ohio, Keith Peters is bracing for the winter annual weed carpet to unroll, as well. “We didn’t get any fall burndown done, and I’m sure the winter annuals are going to be bad,” he said.Magnussen is also worried about an unusual amount of delays he saw in farmer input decisions this winter, as producers took extra time to analyze razor-thin margins. “Delayed decision-making holds me back from making maps, spread sheets, and variable rate fertilizer and planting recommendations,” he said. “I’m getting nervous that we will be jamming an entire winter’s worth of work into a couple weeks as the skies clear and the weather warms.”SPRING CROP MIX STILL IN FLUXPart of the delays plaguing the input industry are of the seed variety. Between new herbicide-tolerant traits, weak commodity prices and a problematic winter wheat crop, some growers have yet to finalize their spring cropping mix.In many states, the late, wet fall scuttled wheat acres. “We typically have a sizable acreage of wheat but were able to get a little less than half of our intended acreage planted,” said Arkansas’ Williams. Likewise, Keith Peters expects to salvage only one-third of his winter wheat in central Ohio, and Raymond Simpkins predicts heavy winterkill in wheat fields in southern Michigan.Kenny Reinke is sad to see wheat fall by the wayside at his operation in northeast Nebraska. His corn acreage has swelled to replace lost wheat acres this year, but he’s not convinced that’s a permanent solution. “As much as I would like to see wheat in my crop rotation, the recent price action is going to make it very difficult for it pull its weight when it comes to cash flow,” he said. “If it does stay doom and gloom I’ll be forced to increase my bean acres to offset the increase in corn acres due to the failed wheat ground having to go to corn. It’s a fine line with the increased profitability of corn and weighing it against the added cost of putting the crop in as compared to beans.”In Kansas, Kyle Krier’s wheat is surviving, but he has struggled to tend to it. “We are still trying to get in to top dress wheat,” he said. “Frozen ground will be the saving grace on that. However, it’s difficult to do so because of the high potential for loss on that fertilizer going onto wet frozen ground.”Williams is still weighing his soybean seed and herbicide choices carefully in Arkansas, where state pesticide regulators only recently established a cut-off date of May 25 for in-season dicamba applications. “Local retailers and crop consultants are indicating at least 90% adoption of dicamba-tolerant soybeans in our area, up from around 50% adoption in the previous year,” he said. “We are polling our neighbors and evaluating our technology decisions.”In eastern Nebraska, Luke Lauritsen is preparing to plant more corn than soybean acres this year, and Indiana farmer Scott Wallis is tentatively planning to mix up his planting schedule and seed 40% to 50% of his soybeans first this year. “We have much better yields with our mid- to late-Group 3 beans than Group 4,” he explained. “So we are going to try to spread our harvest window with planting dates instead of maturities.”Only Texas producer Mike Lass seemed completely serene about his crop choices and planting plans. “We won’t plant until the last of May, so we’ve got plenty of time,” he noted. “No change in crops here — just cotton and more cotton!”Emily Unglesbee can be reached at Emily.unglesbee@dtn.com.Follow her on Twitter @Emily_Unglesbee.(PSSK)© Copyright 2019 DTN/The Progressive Farmer. All rights reserved.last_img read more

Ohio Ag Weather and Forecast, April 5, 2019

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Another gray, damp day today, as moisture continues to move through Ohio. Additional rains will be relatively light, with a few hundredths to .3″ likely over about 80% of the state. The rains will lose some intensity this afternoon, but will likely hold into sunset in south and southeast parts of the state. With no sun and northwest flow, temps stay mostly normal to below normal, adding to the overall chilly, damp feel. Tomorrow looks very nice, with sunshine and south winds bringing temps up. However, we still can’t squeeze out any more than about 36 hours’ worth of nice weather. Rain arrives on Sunday, mostly midday and afternoon, trying to work first into western and SW parts of the state. From there it spreads north and east. Good statewide rains arrive overnight Sunday night, and then holding through Monday afternoon and early Tuesday. We are keeping rain totals at .25”-1.2” with coverage at 80% of the state. Thunderstorms in could push rain totals to more than that inch upper range, but we think the best thunderstorm probably stay south of the Ohio river. Moisture finally is done in all areas by Tuesday midday. The map at right shows precipitation potential through Tuesday midday. The rest of Tuesday will be partly to mostly sunny, and Wednesday will feature a mix of clouds and sun, although clouds will be on the increase. Showers develop Wednesday afternoon and evening, with the biggest rains coming Thursday into Friday. Rain totals can be from .25”-1”, and we think there is good potential for a few thunderstorms too. We turn out partly sunny on Friday and stay dry with sunshine through Saturday the 13th. Our next rain event lifts up from the SW for Sunday the 14th. There we can see another .25”-.75” at least of moisture, with the potential for more into the 15th. For the rest of the extended period we see a bit of a break for the 16th and 17th, before another strong wave arrives for the 18th-19th-20th. Confidence is low in the timing, but the availability of moisture is high, and we do think that we get another good round of action in there somewhere. The main story here for the region is that, while we have less of a chance of heavy, excessive rains over the coming 2 weeks, we also do not see any longer 3-4-5 day dry stretches that will allow for dry-down on any large scale. So, with less than stellar drying potential, and lower than normal temps expected (especially in the extended period) we are going to see very slow movement toward any type of field work in the next 2-3 weekslast_img read more

Ohio Ag Weather and Forecast, April 18, 2019

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest We transition to a wetter pattern today. The thing is, a large part of Ohio will end up with not much action today. The front heading toward us is a slow moving front, which is part of the reason it has developed so strongly. Showers start to nose into far NW Ohio around midday, and will spread a bit through NW and west central Ohio into the evening. The true significant rain and thunderstorm action spreads across Ohio tonight through Friday and another round Saturday. Rain totals for that period will become in at .75″-2.5″. It will be a very wet period with rain coverage at nearly 1o0% of the state. Winds bump up tomorrow and will stay strong into the start of the weekend, drawing down much colder air. Temperatures tomorrow will be 10-20 degrees colder than yesterday and today.  The map at right shows cumulative rain potential for today through Sunday morning. Clouds hold over most of Ohio even on Sunday on the backside of this system, but we might be able to break some sun through late. Scattered showers return to start off next week. Rains on Monday will yield .25”-.75” as a front sags across the state. This will bring 80% rain coverage. Tuesday rains linger in southern and southwest Ohio, bringing a quarter of an inch or less, with only 30% coverage. The rest of the state sees a mix of clouds and sun. Wednesday, clouds build again, with rains in the afternoon and through Wednesday night from US 30 southward. This batch of moisture produces .1”-.5” rain totals with coverage at 70% of the state. All told, the rains can easily be over an inch for the first 3 days of next week combined…and again we see no significant drying. We finish the 10 day forecast window with partly to mostly sunny skies next Thursday and Friday. Saturday the 27th we see a few scattered showers with the potential for a few hundredths to .25” of rain and coverage of 60% of the state. Then we have 2 more dry days with sunshine Sunday (28th), and sun followed by late day clouds on Monday the 29th. Rain returns for Tuesday the 20th and there is potential for half to 1 inch totals. The rains linger Wednesday morning, May 1st, in northern and northeastern parts of the state, but we expect clouds to give way to sun over the rest of the region. Sunshine remains the dominant feature to finish the extended window for Thursday and Friday the 2nd and 3rd, but cooler air is also coming back. In fact, we are watching Thursday night into Friday morning closely (the overnight of the 2nd), as we think there could be some frost potential there. Stay tuned.last_img read more

Local Food Systems on Town Hall Ohio

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Ohio is a big food state, with a lot of farmers, processors and manufacturers and, lots and lots of hungry consumers. A sizable share of Ohio’s very diverse food chain is made up by what’s identified as local foods. What is local? How do folks all along the food chain benefit from it? What do the economics look like? Can it grow? Today, we talk with Ohio State economist Zoe Plakias, OSU and local foods advocate and entrepreneur Alice Chalmers to learn more, on Town Hall Ohio.Subscribe to Town Hall Ohio‘s podcast on iTunes.last_img